Conflicts of Interest: All other authors declare no conflicts of interest.
National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Published online Feb 8. Reviewed by Teymur Noori and Elizabeth Fearon. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Corresponding author.
Corresponding Author: Stefan Baral ude. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License https: The complete bibliographic information, a link to the original publication on http: This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.
Objective This study leverages estimates of the number of members of a social app geared towards gay men Hornet and members of Facebook using self-reported relationship interests in men, men and women, and those with at least one reported same-sex interest. Conclusions The ability to use social media for epidemiologic and HIV prevention, treatment, and care needs continues to improve.
Introduction Consensual sex between adult men remains stigmatized in much of the world. Methods The overarching goal of this study was to assess the utility of using data on users of mobile phone apps and social media communities to obtain estimates of GBMSM population sizes. Open in a separate window.
Table 2 Distribution of Facebook-identified same-sex interests by country. Limitations There are several limitations in the methods and results presented here. Conclusions Over four decades of the HIV pandemic, GBMSM have been well known to bear a disproportionate burden of HIV due to the biology of the virus, which is compounded by criminalization, intersectional stigma, discrimination, and violence.
Click here to view. Multimedia Appendix 6 Distribution of Facebook identified same-sex interests by country — expanded Table 2.
Multimedia Appendix 7 Age distribution of male Facebook users by country proportion of males. Footnotes Conflicts of Interest: References 1. Carroll A, Mendos LR. May, . State-sponsored homophobia Estimating the size of key populations: AIDS Behav. Baral S, Phaswana-Mafuya N. Sahara J. Global health burden and needs of transgender populations: The Lancet.
Consensual sex between adult men remains stigmatized in much of the world. Specifically, there are GBMSM who identify as gay, bisexual, straight, or do not of the world, there is a great reliance on population size estimation strategies to. Furthermore, many people have trouble admitting their the world by announcing that 10% of the male population is gay. Somewhat interestingly, both sexes believe there are more homosexuals in the opposite sex than in.
Khan S, Khan OA. The trouble with MSM. Am J Public Health. Young R, Meyer IH. The prevalence of sexual behavior stigma affecting gay men and other men who have sex with men across Sub-Saharan Africa and in the United States. Estimating the population size of men who have sex with men in the United States to obtain HIV and syphilis rates.
Estimating the population sizes of men who have sex with men in US states and counties using data from the American Community Survey. Office for National Statistics. Experimental official statistics on sexual identity in the UK in by region, sex, age, marital status, ethnicity and National Statistics socio-economic classification.
ONS; Oct 04, Statistical bulletin: The Other Foundation. Human Sciences Research Council.
Sutherland C. Progressive prudes: The Other Foundation; New York, NY: Health Aff Millwood Jul; 31 7: Availability and quality of size estimations of female sex workers, men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs and transgender women in low- and middle-income countries. PLoS One.
Marked sex differences in all-cause mortality on antiretroviral therapy in low- and middle-income countries: British Broadcasting Corporation. Tanzania deports lawyers accused of 'promoting homosexuality'.
BBC; Oct 28, . Men who have sex with men: Here's a look at metro markets in the U. Most are well past the national average of 4. It is actually 23 on the list. Atlanta is No. When you sell real estate you've held as an investment, the rate at which you're taxed on the profit from it may vary. Home sales, being a specific type of capital gains, have their own set of rules.
Capital is the fuel that makes money grow. That's the case for the average homeowner or for a Fortune company. Here's how capital works. Interest-only mortgage loans largely come with a great deal of risk - but they can work well in certain situations. Central banks are the key to waging expansionary monetary policy campaigns, when a nation's economy needs the help most. Before the s, the few representations of homosexuality in popular culture tended to consist of potentially dangerous social deviants think Norman Bates in Psycho.
Since then, however, the portrayal of gay characters in pop culture have become far more numerous and mostly positive. That growing representation may have spurred growing acceptance -- and inflated population estimates. They estimate that gays and lesbians make up 6. Whether increased acceptance of homosexuality has led to an upsurge in the number of positive media portrayals of gay characters or vice versa, one result seems to be that Americans now tend to overestimate the gay population in America.
Subscribe to receive weekly Gallup News alerts. Never miss our latest insights. Do you think gay or lesbian relations between consenting adults should or should not be legal? As you may know, there has been considerable discussion in the news regarding the rights of homosexual men and women.
In general, do you think homosexuals should or should not have equal rights in terms of job opportunities? Do you feel that homosexuality should be considered an acceptable alternative lifestyle or not? The question of nature or nurture stands at the very center of many complex issues. Why, for instance, do some children perform better on standardized tests than others do?
What causes some Americans to be overweight, while others never gain an ounce? Nowhere is the uncertainty of nature versus nurture more widely discussed than in issues surrounding human sexuality.